Deep vein thrombosis or DVT was formerly referred to as blood clot by medical practitioners. Blood clot often attacks the lower part of the body; it begins in the leg and may go as far as the lungs, causing an embolism. Although DVT has several symptoms, the most popular of them are pains, redness, and swell. An embolism is a deadly disease that affects the old and young.
DVT is caused by a buildup of microscopic particles called fibrin and a red blood cell that over time becomes thicker; blocks the veins and hinders the flow of blood. This condition leads to swelling and pains if patient stands for too long.
Common risks of DVT
There are some risks associated with DVT, and this involves feeling inactive and causing trauma to some part of the body. This trauma may affect the leg, causing a leg fracture. In addition to this factor, it could result in the formation of thick blood; a condition known as hypercoagulable blood issue.
Treatment and drugs for DVT
The regular treatments for blood clots are thinning the blood using anticoagulation medications. Several drugs can be used in this process; examples are Coumadin and heparin. These drugs are highly recommended even though they leave the patient with some side effects. However, young people are not advised to use Anticoagulants for a long time.
There are other methods for curing DVT. These methods vary, and some are more intensive, which makes it possible only in a medical center or hospital. There is also the dripping process which can be used to carry liquid directly through the vein behind the leg. This process tries to wipe out the blood clot present in the blood vessel, using blood clot busters like TPA.
Experts also have some devices that are used to erase the blood automatically. These devices are planted directly into the body. When this device gets into the vein, they normalize all the blood clot they come in contact with. After this, X-rays are taken to strike out the possibility of blood cloth. These automatic devices will hopefully treat the affected veins and restore blood flow.
A Modern means of Treating DVT
Experts can run these treatments using an IV drip that is inserted behind the leg. Doctors sometimes give the patient TPA produced by Genentech. Using a hose, they insert the TPA into the place where blood has clot for some time. Once the clots are cleared out completely, and the vein narrowing has been identified then the stent is placed inside the vein. A stent means a tiny tube that has a small catheter that is carefully inserted into the vein. This stent helps open the walls of the vein. Once the stent it opens the vein, the experts go in with angioplasty balloon to enlarge the vein a little more.
Once this is done, the patient can go for a blood thinner for an estimated period of one year, and if the doctor is concerned that the patient may get more clots after the thinning is over, the patient may need to be on blood thinning for a longer time. Low molecular weight and Lovenox are two possible drugs that can be injected. Heparin, Lovenox, low molecular weight heparin and Coumadin are very active agents that can thin the blood. Self-medication can also be prescribed depending on the kind of DVT diagnosed.
Once you’re done with this process, the patient can go home and keep (the leg or arm depends on the affected area) lifted above the heart level. The patient should also remember to wear compression stockings if the doctor prescribes it; they will reduce swelling quickly. The medical expert will observe patient carefully for between one to six months because of the risk of the stent in the body getting clogged up. There are no drugs that can prevent these stent from closing up.
If patient experiences swell when he/she gets home, it is advised that the patient calls the physician or a medical center. A CAT scan will be prescribed to know if the stent has clogged. It is imperative, therefore, to have a therapy with strict monitoring schedules by the doctor in charge of the blood thinning.